Athens historical destructions

Why Athens was called as a “dream among wonderful ruins, from Louis-François Cassas? Here is the list of Athens”s destructions that made all these ruins….

Classical period 

480 BC Persians invaded empty Athens and burned Acropolis and its building. Pericles later introduced its reconstruction plan and today we all see Parthenon.

431-404 BC Pelopponesian army made some raids in Attica region, outside Athens Walls. But after Athens defeat in Peloponnesian War, Spartans prevented their allies to demolish Athens (as it was proposed), proving their Spartan spirit, claiming that Athens was leading Greece during Persian Wars. Athens was obliged to destroy a part of its Walls.

Roman period 

87-86 BC Sylla burns Athens, Plato’s Academy and Lycaeum. Theater of Dionyssus was destroyed and made up by Nero, one century later. Roman Agora construction project was funded by Ceaser and Augusts.

267 AD Sack of Athens by Heruli. Ancient agora was destroyed. A new city wall (post Herulian) was built.

Byzantine period 

396-7 AD Athens’ raid of Alaric.

582 Slavs invade to Athens, during the 578-9 Slavonic invasion to Greece.

896 Saracens raid Athens.

936-943 Saracens raid Attica from Sounio to Marathon, from Emirate of Crete, that was recaptured in 961.  Rizokastro was constructed.

1147 Raid from Roger II, king of Sicily, during the Second Crusade.

1203 Leon Sgouros invaded Athens. Defense was organised by Michail Choniatis. Sgouros commits suicide in 1208.

Ottoman period 

1466 Venetian Vettore Capello arrived at Piraeus and marched against Athens. Failing to occupy Acropolis, he moves to Patra, after plundering the city.

Morosini’s cannon positions around Acropolis

1687 Destruction of Parthenon and city’s fortifications, while Morosini’s seige. There was a fire for two days in Parthenon.

Modern Greece 

1944 Dekembriana – the result of WWII. The start of the Greek civil War in modern Athens.

 

Today Athens’ wall remains are visible in corners and streets of the city.